HSCI 3463: Cold War Science

Final examination

Time: 10:30am-12:30pm Wednesday, May 08, 2019. Place: PHSC 323

Instructions: Write essay answers to QUESTION 1 plus ONE OTHER question of your choice.
Blue Books will be provided for you to write in. You may consult class notes and assigned readings in writing your answer, and you are encouraged to prepare an outline,
but you may not transcribe a prepared answer. Transcription from print or electronic sources is prohibited, except for brief quotations (less than one per page),
which should include a complete citation. Use of electronic devices is prohibited unless they are in airplane mode. Note that questions have several parts.
Make sure you answer them all.

Mandatory question:

1. After the end of the Cold War, what are the main threats facing the United States from nuclear weapons? What policies seem most appropriate to mitigate these risks?

Optional questions (May change before April 29):

2. Describe the initiation, development and resolution of the Cuban Missile Crisis. What were the main consequences of the crisis for nuclear weapons policy in the United States?

3. What were the main events of the Space Race, and who won? What tangible benefits did either of the contestants achieve through their participation in the race?

4. What were the main arguments for and against President Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative? Do any of them apply to the current National Missile Defense plan?

5. When and why did the Cold War end? In your answer, identify causes specific to both the US and the USSR.

6. What is Cooperative Threat Reduction (CRT) and how was it employed after the Cold War? Are there opportunities for employing this strategy today?

7. Should the US abandon the 2015 treaty with Iran on nuclear weapons? What do the US and its allies, and Iran, separately, stand to gain or lose from the treaty?

8. Give an historical account of the nuclear accident at EITHER Chernobyl in 1986 OR Fukushima Diachi in 2011. Describe and evaluate the importance of at least one
long-term cause as well as immediate causes of the accident. Does this accident demonstrate that nuclear reactor technology is inherently unsafe?

9. Why have there been no moon flights with human crews since 1972? Are there any good reasons for going back to the moon?

10. What is the best way to stop a nuclear terrorist?