Gerard J. DeGroot, The Bomb: A Life (Harvard University Press, 2006)
David E. Hoffman, The Dead Hand: The Untold Story of the Cold War Arms Race and its Dangerous Legacy (New York: Anchor Books, 2009)
Paul Bracken, The Second Nuclear Age: Strategy, Danger and the New Power Politics (New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 2013)

Additional sources

Historical background
Joseph Albright and Marcia Kunstell, Bombshell: The Secret Story of America's Unknown Atomic Spy
(NY: Crown Books, 1997)
Graham T. Allison, Nuclear Terrorism: The Ultimate Preventable Catastrophe (Times Books, 2004)
Michael Dobbs, One Minute to Midnight: Kennedy, Kruschev and Castro on the Brink of Nuclear War (NY: Knopf, 2008)
Frances FitzGerald, Way Out There In The Blue: Reagan, Star Wars and the End of the Cold War (NY: Simon & Schuster, 2000)
Michael D. Gordin, Five Days in August: How World War II Became a Nuclear War (Princeton: Princeton UP, 2007)
Gregg Herken, Brotherhood of the Bomb: The Tangled Lives and Loyaties of Robert Oppenheimer, Ernest Lawrence and Edward Teller (Owl Books, 2002)
David Holloway, Stalin and the Bomb: The Soviet Union and Atomic Energy 1939-1956 (New Haven: Yale UP, 1994)
Jim Ottaviani et al., T-Minus: The Race to the Moon (New York: Aladdin, 2009)
Thomas C. Reed, At the Abyss: An Insider's History of the Cold War (NY: Ballantine Books, 2004)
Thomas C. Reed and Danny B. Stillman, The Nuclear Express: A Political History of the Bomb and its Proliferation (NY: Zenith, 2009)
Richard Rhodes, The Making of the Atomic Bomb (NY: Knopf, 1986)
Richard Rhodes, Dark Sun: The Making of the Hydrogen Bomb (NY: Knopf, 1995)
Richard Rhodes, Arsenals of Folly: The Making of the Nuclear Arms Race (NY: Knopf, 2007)
Richard Rhodes, The Twilight of the Bombs: Recent Challenges, New Dangers, and the Prospects for a World Without Nuclear Weapons (New York: Knopf, 2010)
Barbara Tuchman, The Guns of August (NY: Macmillan, 1962)
Tim Weiner, Legacy of Ashes: The History of the CIA (NY: Doubleday, 2007)
Tom Wolfe, The Right Stuff (NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1979)

The Cold War in Fiction
E. Burdick & H. Wheeler, Fail Safe (1962)
J. Le Carre, Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy (1974)
Walter M. Miller, A Canticle for Leibowitz (1960)

Dr. Strangelove, Director: Stanley Kubrick, 1964.
Fail Safe, Director: Sidney Lumet, 1964.
The Day After Trinity, Director: John Else, 1980.
The Right Stuff, Director: Philip Kaufman, 1983.
The Day After, Director: Nicholas Meyer, 1983.
Thirteen Days, Director: Roger Donaldson, 2000.
The Fog of War, Director: Errol Morris, 2004.
Good Night and Good Luck, Director: George Clooney, 2005.
Last Best Chance, Director Ben Goddard, 2007.

Web sites

Nuclear Threat Initiative: Global Security Newswire

Federation of American Scientist, Nuclear Information Project

GlobalSecurity.org, Weapons of Mass Destruction

Nunn-Lugar Scorecard

Historical Atlas of the Twentieth Century

Cold War International History Project: Cuban Missile Crisis